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Geography of Iceland


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Iceland, as seen from space on 29 January, 2004 (NASA).

Iceland is the world's 18th largest island, and Europe's second largest island following Great Britain. The main island is 101,826 km² but the entire country is 103,000 km² in size, of which 62.7% is tundra. Lakes and glaciers cover 14.3%; only 23% is vegetated. The largest lakes are Reservoir: 83–88 km² and Þingvallavatn: 82 km²; other important lakes include Lögurinn and Mývatn. Öskjuvatn is the deepest lake at 220 m.

Many fjords punctuate its 4,970 km long coastline, which is also where most settlements are situated because the island's interior, the Highlands of Iceland, is a cold and uninhabitable combination of sand and mountains. The major towns are the capital Reykjavík, Kópavogur, Hafnarfjörður, Reykjanesbær, where the international airport is located, and Akureyri. The island of Grímsey on the Arctic Circle contains the northernmost habitation of Iceland.

Iceland has four national parks: Jökulsárgljúfur National Park, Skaftafell National Park, Snæfellsjökull National Park, and Þingvellir National Park.

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

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