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Country and People

Austria Travel InformationAustria is located in southern Central Europe. Geographically, its territory encompasses both the Eastern Alps (which cover some two thirds of its surface area) and the Danube Region. Austria has a land surface of 83,858 square kilometres (32,369 square miles). Given its location, it has since time immemorial been a cross-roads of travel routes between the major European economic and cultural regions. Austria has common borders with eight other countries: Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland and Liechtenstein.

This European heartland combines a wide variety of landscapes, climatic conditions and flora. Austria's landscapes range from the peaks of the Alps to hill country and plains. The foothills of the Alps and the Carpathians, the Vienna Basin and the Austrian segment of the Pannonian Plain in the East are the principal areas of settlement and economic activity. Austria's highest mountain is the Grossglockner (3,797 metres / 12,530 feet). Its longest river is the Danube, which flows through Austria for a length of some 350 kilometres (200 miles).

Austria Travel InformationAustria is located within a temperate climatic zone. In the west and northwest the influence of the temperate Atlantic climate is felt more strongly, in the east the influence of the continental climate. Precipitation levels vary significantly along a west-east axis and rise with altitude. The diversity of topographical and climatic conditions accounts for the country's abundant flora and fauna. Austria is one of Europe's most heavily wooded countries (46% of its surface area).

Austria is a federal state consisting of nine independent federal states: Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol, Upper Austria, Vienna and Vorarlberg.

According to recent census data for 1998, Austria has 8.1 million inhabitants, of whom approx. 98% speak German. The six ethnic groups officially recognised in Austria are concentrated on the east and south of the country. In 1998, the average life expectancy for a new-born male stood at 74.3 years, for a new-born female at 80.7 years.

In terms of religious allegiances, 78% of Austrians are Roman Catholic, a further 5% Protestant (principally Augsburg Confession). Some 4.5% of the population belong to another faith, 9% belong to no religious group, and 3.5% did not respond. Austria travel information

Austria Most Popular Attractions and Landmarks

Austria Travel Guide

Burgenland, Austria Place and Attractions
The Road of the Castles, Burgenland, Austria
The Castles were originally built as some sort of fence against the Osmanic and Magyar threat from the east. The "Road of Castles" starts in mid-Burgenland and goes right down to the most southern place in eastern Styria.


Burg Lockenhaus

History of Austria
Settled in prehistoric times, the central European land that is now Austria was occupied in pre-Roman times by various Celtic tribes. Read more about Austria History...

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Carinthia, Austria Place and Attractions
Carinthia is a state of Austria. It's known for its skiing areas, and its fantastic lakes.
Minimundus, Carinthia, Austria
A miniature park on the Wörthersee at Klagenfurt in Carinthia, Austria. It displays around 150 miniature models of architecture from around the world, built at a ratio of 1:25. Since its opening in 1958, more than 15 million visitors have visited the 26,000 square meters park.



Minimundus

Economy of Austria
Austria is one of the 10 richest countries in the world in terms of GDP per capita, has a well-developed social market economy, and a high standard of living. Read more about Austria Economy...

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Lower Austria , Austria Place and Attractions
Durnstein Castle, Lower Austria, Austria
The castle was called "Duerrstein" or "Dürrstein", from the German duerr/dürr meaning "dry" and Stein, "stone". The castle was dry because it was situated on a rocky hill, high above the damp conditions of the Danube at the base of the hill, and it was built of stone.


Durnstein Castle

Austria Political System
The Parliament of Austria is located in Vienna, the country's largest city and capital. Austria became a federal, parliamentarian, democratic republic through the Federal Constitution of 1920. Read more about Political System of Austria...

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Upper Austria , Austria Place and Attractions
Hallstätter Lake, Upper Austria , Austria
A lake in the Salzkammergut, Austria. Its surface is approximately 8.55 km² and its maximum depth is 125 metres. It is a popular destination for tourists, especially scuba divers.


Hallstätter Lake

Education in Austria
Responsibility for educational oversight in Austria is entrusted partly to the Austrian states, and partly to the federal government. Read more about Austria Education...

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Salzburg, Austria Place and Attractions
Salzburg Festival, Salzburg, Austria
A prominent festival of music and drama. It is held each summer within the Austrian town of Salzburg, the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In modern time there is also an annual Salzburg Easter Festival held by the same organization.


Salzburg Festival

Foreign Policy of Austria
The 1955 Austrian State Treaty ended the occupation of Austria following World War II and recognized Austria as an independent and sovereign state. Read more about Foreign Policy...

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Styria, Austria Place and Attractions
Graz, Styria, Austria
Consider as a European Capital of Culture. It celebrated with massive cultural investment in new artistic venues. Today, cutting-edge architecture complements this former seat of the Hapsburgs and bedrock of the Holy Roman Empire.


Graz Styria

Energy Politics of Austria
In 1972, the country began construction of a nuclear-powered electricity-generation station at Zwentendorf on the River Danube, following a unanimous vote in parliament. read more about Austria Energy Politics ...

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Tyrol, Austria Place and Attractions
Bruck Castle, Tyrol, Austria
Located on a hill close to the Hochstein, the local mountain of Lienz. It is located in a mixed forest. The name “Bruck” derives from the bridge at its foot.


Bruck Castle

 
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Vorarlberg, Austria Place and Attractions
Martinsturm, Vorarlberg, Austria
Considered the landmark of Bregenz. The museum gives an overview of the Vorarlberg defense against attacks from outside.


Martinsturm

 
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Vienna, Austria Place and Attractions
Augustinian Church / Augustinerkirche
A parish church located on Josefsplatz, next to the Hofburg, the winter palace of the Habsburg dynasty in Vienna. Originally built in the 14th century as the parish church of the imperial court of the Habsburgs, the harmonious Gothic interior was added in the 18th century.



Augustinian Church

 
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Austria Destinations: Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz, Salzburg, Vienna


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Adventure in Fly Fishing

Fly fishing is an angling method in which an artificial "fly" is used to catch fish. The fly is cast using a fly rod, reel, and specialized weighted line. Casting a nearly weightless fly or "lure" requires casting techniques significantly different from other forms of casting. Fly fishermen use hand tied flies that resemble natural invertebrates or other food organisms, or "lures" to provoke the fish to strike. More articles about Adventure in Fly Fishing


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