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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the southern hemisphere comprising of the mainland which is the world's smallest continent, the major island of Tasmania, and numerous other islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.N4 Neighbouring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia to the north-east and New Zealand to the south-east.

For around 40,000 years before European settlement commenced in the late 18th century, the Australian mainland and Tasmania were inhabited by around 250 individual nations of indigenous Australians. After sporadic visits by fishermen from the immediate north, and European discovery by Dutch explorers in 1606, the eastern half of Australia was claimed by the British in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales, founded on 26 January 1788. The population grew steadily in the following years; the continent was explored, and during the 19th century another five largely self-governing Crown Colonies were established.

On 1 January 1901, the six colonies became a federation, and the Commonwealth of Australia was formed. Since Federation, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic political system and remains a Commonwealth realm. The population is just over 21.7 million, with approximately 60% concentrated in and around the mainland state capitals of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, and Darwin. The nation's capital city is Canberra, located in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).

Technologically advanced and industrialised, Australia is a prosperous multicultural country and has excellent results in many international comparisons of national performance such as health care, life expectancy, quality-of-life, human development, public education, economic freedom, and the protection of civil liberties and political rights. Australian cities also routinely rank among the world's highest in terms of livability, cultural offerings, and quality of life. It is a member of the United Nations, G-20 major economies, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, OECD, and the WTO.

Australia Travel Destinations

Adelaide, Australia
Adelaide Glenelg, Australia
Airlie Beach, Australia
Albury, Australia
Alice Springs, Australia
Ayers Rock, Australia
Barossa Valley, Australia
Bedarra Island, Australia
Brampton Island, Australia
Brisbane, Australia
Broome, Australia
Bundaberg, Australia
Byron Bay, Australia
Cairns, Australia
Caloundra, Australia
Canberra, Australia
Cape Tribulation, Australia
Coffs Harbour New, Australia
Cooinda, Australia
Coolum Beach, Australia
Cradle Mountain, Australia
Darwin, Australia
Day Dream Island, Australia

Dunkin Island, Australia
Fraser Island, Australia
Gold Coast, Australia
Hamilton Island, Australia
Hayman Island, Australia
Heron Island, Australia
Hervey Bay, Australia
Hobart, Australia
Jabiru, Australia
Kakadu, Australia
Katoomba, Australia
Kings Canyon, Australia
Launceston, Australia
Leura, Australia
Lizard Island, Australia
Long Island, Australia
Mackay, Australia
Magnetic Island, Australia
Melbourne, Australia
Melbourne Airport, Australia
Mossman, Australia
Nelson Bay, Australia

New Castle, Australia
Noosa, Australia
Palm Cove, Australia
Perth, Australia
Perth Scarborough, Australia
Phillip Island, Australia
Pokolbin, Australia
Port Douglas, Australia
Port Macquarie, Australia
Rockhampton, Australia
South Molle Beach, Australia
Sydney, Australia
Sydney Airport, Australia
Sydney Bondi Beach Travel, Australia
Sydney Coogee, Australia
Sydney Manly, Australia
Sydney North-Sydney Travel, Australia
Terrigal, Australia
Townsville, Australia
Yeppoon, Australia

About Kayaking

Kayaking is the use of a Kayak for moving across water. Over the years, kayaking has evolved into a popular water sport. It is distinguished from canoeing by the sitting position of the paddler and the number of blades on the paddle. A kayak is defined by the International Canoe Federation (the world sanctioning body) as a boat where the paddler faces forward, legs in front, using a double-bladed paddle. Most kayaks have closed decks, although "sit-on-top" and inflatable kayaks are growing in popularity as well. More articles about About Kayaking

Introduction, Australia Etymology, Getting There & Getting Around, Australia Attractions, Money & Costs, Facts for the Traveler, History of Australia, Politics of Australia, States & Territories of Australia, Foreign Relations & Military, Geography of Australia, Environment in Australia, Economy of Australia, Demography of Australia, Culture of Australia

Australia Travel Destinations
Sydney, Melbourne, Canberra, Perth, Gold Coast, Brisbane, Adelaide, Broome, South Molle Beach, Airlie Beach, Cradle Mountain, Hamilton Island

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